Bitesized tidbits for building Modern (Metro) apps.
When creating a nuget package that’s intended for a UWP, you’d be excused for creating your package in the same way you always have done, you include the new uap10.0 TFM (Target Framework Moniker) and drop your dll file(s) in there. This is 95% of it, but there’s a sneaky extra 5% that you still need to do, otherwise, whilst your package will still be valid, and will still get pulled into a UWP project, that project won’t be able to build.
Yesterday Microsoft [finally] released the MS Health APIs they’d talked about at this year’s Build conference. These APIs are a way of accessing the data that’s been accrued from your Microsoft Band, so any bike rides, runs, sleep tracking, etc. These APIs are a set of REST endpoints that, once authenticated, you can call to access this data. So, naturally, I’ve decided to make this easier.
One of the new ways users can interact with your app is through notifications. Now, notifications are nothing new, for either Phone or Desktop, however, what’s been added to 10 is new. With Universal Windows Apps, you can now have interactive toast notifications. So what are these? They are like regular toast notifications only they can have elements that the user can interact with, maybe make a selection, or type in a response to something.
There’s an excellent blog post on MSDN that covers all the different types of interactions you can have within your app’s toasts, along with all the xml elements that are required in order to build your toast notification, but that does mean dealing with xml, and who likes that?!
When you’re writing an app that requires the user to choose a picture, you give them the photo picker, which allows them to choose a photo from their device. Great. But what about you, as the developer? What about when you’re using the emulator? The old Windows Phone 7 emulators came with some built in images that you could pick (we’ve all seen them in the store screenshots, admit it!!), then with the Windows Phone 8 emulators, you had to perform a little dance to get them. But what about the Windows Phone 8.1 and Windows 10 emulators? And wouldn’t it be nice if you could more easily use real word pictures, rather than stock photos?
One of the things you can add to a Desktop variant of a Universal Windows App is a back button that a developer can add to their app; this back button appears in the top left corner of the app. In order to use the back button, the developer needs to tell it to appear, as well as potentially wire up to the back button’s pressed event, but that’s not the Cimbalino way.
I realise the first question you have: “Unplated?” Well, give me a chance. In your app’s package manifest, you have a section for Square44x44Logo, this logo is used in the task bar and in the application list in the start menu. What you will notice is that, by default, your image will have a border around it, like so:
Notice the grey all around the icon (note: that grey is defined in the package manifest too, so doesn’t have to be that colour)? Now, for your app’s branding, maybe you don’t want that border as that goes against how your actual tile looks, and consistency is key, right!
When creating your awesome layout to your awesome new app, you’ll often use Grids as a way of ensuring things are placed where you want them to be and you’d most likely use the ColumnDefinitions and RowDefinitions. Using these has a number of benefits, not least letting you specify exact heights/widths for your columns/rows, but you can also use Auto and the * values to set screen percentages. What this means is you can have a very exact UI or one that adapts as the size of the window changes.
Adapting to the size of the window is something that’s more relevant to UWPs than ever before with you bringing one UI to all possible screens the user can use your app on. But what if you still want to keep some rows at a certain screen percentage until the user hits a trigger point? Well, a small, but subtle change to xaml now allows you to do more with your Column/RowDefinitions.
Another new thing that’s being introduced in Windows 10 is something that’s being seen as the next evolution of Metro: MDL2 (Microsoft Design Language 2). This brings about a whole new set of iconography for Windows 10, some of which can be seen in the settings app (on both phone and desktop).
If you want to read more about MDL2, whilst not technical, this would be a good place to start.
The icons that are available can be used by using the Font Segoe MDL2 then using the relevant code to get the icon. But where do you get those codes from? Well, Austin Andrews (@templarian) has put together a great online resource that lists the icons and their representations. But this can be a pain to copy and paste, look up what a code is, etc. So is there an easier way?
One of the things shown off at Build recently was this new thing for updating tiles, called Adaptive Tiles. The notion is, that like your Universal Windows Apps can adapt to different sizes on different platforms, so, too, should your tiles. So Adaptive tiles allows you, with one bit of XML tell your tile how to behave at different sizes. For more information, you should definitely watch the Build session on all this
The problem is, it means crafting the XML. And who likes XML?
Windows 8.1 and Windows Phone 8.1 both have this really great theme support that allows you to use ThemeResource as a xaml type, it means if the theme changes, anything using that will change its theme too. It’s actually very cool. What’s not cool though is you can only have two themes (Light/Dark). What if you want other themes? Yes, you can override both of those themes to show your own custom theme, but what if you want a third? A fourth? What then?
Well I’ve created a little helper that helps to alleviate that, and also means that you can swap themes on the fly without having to restart the app. Pretty cool, huh.